23andMe® brings the world of genetics to you. 23andMe analyzes variations at specific positions in your genome. These variations, called SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms), have the potential to tell you about your traits—such as eye or hair color—and certain health conditions.
Carrier Status Reports
The 23andMe Carrier Status* Reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. The 23andMe Carrier Status Reports tell you about variants that may not affect your health, but could affect the health of your future family. Being a "carrier" means you "carry" one genetic variant for a condition. Carriers do not typically have the genetic condition, but they can pass a genetic variant down to their children. Understanding your carrier status helps you work with your doctor to prepare for the health of your future family.
Health Predisposition Reports
The 23andMe Health Predisposition* Reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. Our Health Predisposition Reports help you learn how your genetics can influence your chances for certain diseases. This category includes Genetic Health Risk* reports and reports based on original 23andMe Research Discoveries that are available exclusively to 23andMe customers. The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk reports tell you if you have genetic variants associated with an increased risk of developing certain health conditions - such as Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease* or Parkinson's Disease*. While having a particular variant can be linked to a higher risk for a condition, it does not necessarily mean you will develop the condition. It is important to remember that these reports do not cover all possible genetic variants that could influence risk for these conditions and that other non-genetic factors, such as environment and lifestyle, can also influence risk for these conditions.
The 23andMe Wellness Reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. The 23andMe Wellness reports can help you make more informed choices that may relate to healthy living. Find out how your DNA influences your caffeine consumption, lactose digestion and your muscle type.
The 23andMe Traits Reports are included in both the Ancestry + Traits Service and the Health + Ancestry Service. Our Traits Reports are a fun way to explore how your DNA makes you unique, from your food preferences to physical features.
Here are a few commonly asked questions. For more information, please feel free to contact Customer Care.
What is the difference between the Ancestry + Traits Service and the Health + Ancestry Service?
Both services include the Ancestry Reports—Ancestry Composition, Haplogroups, and Neanderthal Ancestry—Traits Reports, and access to the DNA Relatives tool and your raw, uninterpreted genetic data file** (must not be used for medical or diagnostic purposes).
What will I receive? how do I see a list of currently available reports?
The reports available to you depend on the service you purchase. The Health + Ancestry Service includes all of the reports and tools offered in the Ancestry + Traits Service plus reports on Carrier Status, Health Predisposition, and Wellness.
Only one kit is needed per person regardless of the service purchased; customers who purchase the Ancestry + Traits Service will have the option to add Carrier Status*, Health Predisposition*, and Wellness Reports later for an additional fee.
What conditions are not included in 23andMe?
How accurate are the reports?
23andMe is the first direct-to-consumer test available that includes reports that meet FDA requirements for being scientifically and clinically valid.
Our rigorous quality standards:
- Carrier Status* and Genetic Health Risk* reports meet FDA criteria for being scientifically and clinically valid.
- Our DNA collection kit is FDA-cleared for use with our Carrier Status Reports and manufactured in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice regulations.
- Genotyping is a well-established and reliable platform for analyzing DNA.
- Our team of scientists and medical experts use a rigorous process to develop and design each report, ensuring validity and ease of use.
- Ancestry percentages are derived from our powerful, well-tested system that provides you with ancestry estimates down to the 0.1%.
Is 23andMe diagnostic?
No, 23andMe reports do not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice.
The 23andMe Carrier Status* Reports can tell you if you have specific genetic variants that you could pass on to your children, from saliva collected using an FDA-cleared collection device (Oragene DX model OGD.500.001), but they cannot tell you if you have two copies of the variants. Carrier Status Reports are not intended to diagnose a disease, or tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future. Each Carrier Status Report is most relevant for people of certain ethnicities. On their own, these reports are not intended to tell you anything about the health of your fetus, or your newborn child’s risk of developing a particular disease later in life.
The Health Predisposition* Reports include both reports that meet US FDA requirements for genetic health risks and the 23andMe Type 2 Diabetes Health Predisposition Report which is based on 23andMe research and has not been reviewed by the FDA. The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk* Reports tell you if you have genetic variants that may increase your risk of developing certain health conditions. While having a particular variant can be linked to a higher risk for a condition, it does not necessarily mean you will develop the condition. It is important to remember that these reports do not cover all possible genetic variants that could influence risk for these conditions and that other non-genetic factors, such as environment and lifestyle, can also influence risk for these conditions. Consult with a healthcare professional if the condition runs in your family, you think you might have the condition, or you have questions about any genetic or nongenetic risk factors you may have.
The 23andMe Wellness Reports make connections between your DNA and traits that may relate to healthy living, however, other genetic and nongenetic factors may impact whether or not you display a specific trait. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes.
The 23andMe Traits Reports make connections between your DNA and your features and characteristics. It is important to keep in mind that although these reports predict your genetic chances of having a trait, many other factors can influence your actual traits.
Will I receive a printed copy of my results?
A summary of your reports as well as select 23andMe reports are printable through your account on our secure website. You must log in to your 23andMe account on our secure website to view your information. While some reports are printable, we do not include a printed report through the mail or provide your data via email.
You will need access to a computer or mobile device that connects to the internet. The 23andMe website supports the latest versions of Chrome, Safari, Firefox, and Microsoft Edge. We recommend using the most up-to-date browser version available. You will also need access to a valid email address from which you can send and receive messages in order to set up a 23andMe account.
*The 23andMe PGS test includes health predisposition and carrier status reports. Health predisposition reports include both reports that meet US FDA requirements for genetic health risks and the 23andMe Type 2 Diabetes health predisposition report which is based on 23andMe research and has not been reviewed by the FDA. The test uses qualitative genotyping to detect select clinically relevant variants in the genomic DNA of adults from saliva for the purpose of reporting and interpreting genetic health risks and reporting carrier status. It is not intended to diagnose any disease. Your ethnicity may affect the relevance of each report and how your genetic health risk results are interpreted. Each genetic health risk report describes if a person has variants associated with a higher risk of developing a disease, but does not describe a person’s overall risk of developing the disease. The test is not intended to tell you anything about your current state of health, or to be used to make medical decisions, including whether or not you should take a medication, how much of a medication you should take, or determine any treatment. Our carrier status reports can be used to determine carrier status, but cannot determine if you have two copies of any genetic variant. These carrier reports are not intended to tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future, the health of your fetus, or your newborn child's risk of developing a particular disease later in life. For certain conditions, we provide a single report that includes information on both carrier status and genetic health risk. For important information and limitations regarding each genetic health risk report, visit https://www.23andme.com/test-info/.
**This data has undergone a general quality review however only a subset of markers have been individually validated for accuracy. The data from 23andMe’s Browse Raw Data feature is suitable only for informational use and not for medical, diagnostic or other use. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes.